In the eyes of Wall Street, President Donald Trump couldn’t be choosing between two more different candidates for the next Federal Reserve chair.
That choice — between Stanford University economist John Taylor and Fed Board Governor Jerome Powell — has the potential to jolt the bond market in a year defined by low volatility and a tug-of-war between bulls and bears that’s kept yields stuck in a tight range. Powell, considered the Republican Party’s alternative to renominating Janet Yellen, is the leader on betting website PredictIt.
For the 10-year Treasury yield, Powell could spark a five basis point drop, while Taylor would cause a 10 basis point leap, according to Priya Misra at TD Securities. The yield curve from two to 10 years may flatten by 20 basis points in short order with a Taylor nomination, said Michael Schumacher at Wells Fargo Securities. Currency traders are on edge too: The dollar could gain as much as 3 percent with a Taylor pick, while sinking 0.5 percent under Powell, said Steven Englander at Rafiki Capital Management.
Altogether, bond and currency traders are left scratching their heads as they prepare for the decision between the candidates that Trump’s advisers are reportedly steering him toward. An announcement is expected within two weeks. Some are already adding options positions referred to as “Taylor puts” to hedge against the prospect of a sharp rise in short-term rates.
Listening to Wall Street strategists, it’s clear that the markets are poised to move in very different directions depending on the pick.
- Schumacher, head of rates strategy at Wells Fargo: “In terms of being the one candidate who could really disrupt the markets, it’s probably Taylor.” By contrast, he sums up Powell in two words: “Minimal reaction”
- Ian Lyngen, head of U.S. rates strategy at BMO Capital Markets, says Taylor “is by far the most bearish selection,” while Powell is “benign”
- Subadra Rajappa, head of U.S. rates strategy at Societe Generale, has two categories for Fed chair: Taylor falls under “hawkish picks,” while Powell is “status quo”
- Alex Li, head of U.S. rates strategy at Credit Agricole, puts Taylor on the hawkish “extreme,” while Powell is a “natural compromise” who’s “a natural extension from a Janet Yellen Fed”
- Justin Lederer, an interest-rate strategist at Cantor Fitzgerald, sees 10-year Treasury yields jumping 10 basis points on a Taylor nomination, while rates would probably barely move with a Powell pick
Analysts expect Powell to maintain many of the policies the Fed has pursued under Yellen’s leadership. By contrast, Taylor’s eponymous rule calls for a fed funds rate of 3.74 percent, compared with the current 1.16 percent effective rate.
Complicating things further, the Senate’s narrow approval of a budget vehicle for tax cuts, Trump’s top legislative priority, has left 10-year yields poised for their highest close since July. The yield curve from two to 10 years steepened, the opposite of what’s expected with a Taylor win.
There’s a lot riding on the pick, including for Trump. He has consistently pointed to U.S. stocks reaching record highs under his administration. With higher rates, Taylor could bring that to a halt. An Evercore ISI survey of investors tags him as the worst candidate for equities. On the other hand, some conservatives have concerns about Powell, an appointee of former President Barack Obama.
That’s not to say traders are ready to completely rule out Yellen. A report that she was back at the White House on Friday sent 10-year Treasury yields briefly lower, before market participants realized it was for a routine meeting.
To hammer home just how conflicted the bond market is on the next Fed leader, consider that two longtime titans of bond trading are on opposite sidelines.
- Dan Fuss, vice chairman of Loomis Sayles & Co.: “My preference on this, which may or may not be followed, would be that you don’t have a radical change in leadership. Powell is as close as the names being bantered. Powell is as close to the center line as you can possibly get, even more so than Janet Yellen. So that would be good.”
- Lacy Hunt, chief economist at Hoisington Investment Management Co.: “You need someone that has a good grasp of the issues and can stand up to the staff. Volcker was good at that. Only John Taylor has the capabilities.”
— With assistance by Liz McCormick, and Katherine Greifeld