One Day, Three Events, Seven Falsehoods From Trump

He falsely claimed “a historic increase in military spending.”

Mr. Trump has proposed a $54 billion increase — about a 10 percent rise — in the Pentagon’s budget over last year’s spending. There have been at least 10 larger increases to the base defense budget since the 1977 fiscal year, including four since 2002. Factoring in war spending, there have been 27 years since 1940 in which military spending was as high or higher than the proposed increase. As a percentage of gross domestic product, there have been roughly 35 years in which military spending matched or surpassed what Mr. Trump is calling for.

He distorted the terms of the Iran nuclear deal, claiming the United States “gave” Iran $150 billion, as well as $1.7 billion in cash.

The money Mr. Trump is referring to already belongs to Iran. The $150 billion is a high estimate for Iranian assets previously frozen under sanctions that were lifted by the deal. Other estimates range from $50 billion to $100 billion, some of which is tied up in debt obligations.

The $1.7 billion is a settlement resulting from a decades-old financial dispute. Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Tehran purchased $400 million in American military equipment — an amount that, including accumulated interest, snowballed into $1.7 billion — but the United States never delivered the goods. The State Department paid up in 2016 to “retain maximum leverage” and to ensure the return of three American prisoners.

He said immigrants who “immediately go on welfare” should not be able to do so for five years. But they are already prohibited.

The requirements sought by Mr. Trump have largely been in place for two decades, since the passage of welfare reform, or the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.

Legal permanent residents who haven’t worked in the United States for 10 years are not eligible for food assistance or Medicaid within the first five years of entering the country. States have the option of waiving the Medicaid rule for pregnant immigrants and children.

Refugees, asylum seekers and victims of trafficking can collect some benefits, up to a point, and immigrants who have served in the military are eligible without a time requirement.

He cited a flawed report to claim high premium increases since the Affordable Care Act’s passage.

Stating that premiums have doubled and tripled in various states is one of Mr. Trump’s favorite critiques of the current health care law. Those figures appear in a May report from the Department of Health and Human Services.

The report compares premiums in 2013, before the law took full effect, with those in 2017. But it only looks at plans in the federal exchange in 2017, versus all plans in the individual market in 2013. It also neglects that the 2017 plans are much more comprehensive, and cover more and sicker people. And it ignores the fact that most people in the federal markets in 2017 receive a subsidy to help blunt premium costs.

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